Civil War Interest

The Civil War

There are places that need no historical marker because they are haunted; haunted by the spirits of men in blue and gray, now a part of the soil they fought over.  If you stand quietly and listen, you can sense the clash of arms and see the skirmish, as if the gnarled old trees can’t forget and whisper their story to your imagination….” (Barry Etris, from Faces & Songs)

General William T. Sherman

General William T. Sherman

  • In May of 1864, three Union Armies under the leadership of General William T. Sherman began moving south from Chattanooga, TN, to capture Atlanta. His advance to Atlanta was delayed two weeks by fierce fighting at Kennesaw Mountain, culminating with a major battle on June 27.
  • On July 3, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston retreated south from Kennesaw to pre-constructed trenches on the Chattahoochee River, known as the River Line. Sherman’s troops came into Marietta on July 3. He briefly established his headquarters at the Kennesaw House Hotel, before leaving to pursue Johnston to the River Line. Sherman knew that a direct assault on these Confederate defenses would be too costly in human lives, so he sent 4,000 mounted men twelve miles up river to out-flank the Confederate army. This flanking column was under the command of Union General Kenner Garrard. His mission was to capture the covered bridge at Roswell, therefore gaining a crossing point to threaten the Confederate position down stream.
  • Union Troops arrived in Roswell from Marietta on July 5th.
  • July 6, the Union army destroyed the Roswell Manufacturing Company. The sheeting from the Roswell Cotton Mill was taken to Marietta to be used in the field hospitals that were being set up under Union control.
  • July 10th the Roswell mill workers were sent by wagon to Marietta. There they were placed at the Georgia Military Academy. On the 15th of July, they were marched to the train station and sent by train to the north.
  • From July 13 – 17, A Union army crossed at Roswell. Roswell was occupied by approximately 31,000 troops during July of 1864.
  • On July 22, the Union army engaged with the Confederate army in the Battle of Atlanta.
  • The fighting at the Shallow ford on July 9, 1864 involved the Spencer repeating rifle by Union forces. This was the first time in U.S. history a rifle was used successfully under water during armed conflict.

A special thanks to historian Michael Hitt for the above information!

Barrington

In the 1830s Roswell King and his son, Barrington, co-founded the colony now known as Roswell. Barrington built his home on the highest point, overlooking the town. Today, this home is recognized as one of the finest examples of Greek Revival architecture in the country. It is also listed as one of Atlanta’s 50 Most Beautiful Homes.  Barrington Hall has the only antebellum garden in metro Atlanta that is open to the public. Also located on the magnificent grounds are the smoke house, ice house, a barn, and two wells.

It was said about the Kings and their successful Roswell Manufacturing Company:  These mills and the whole country around here is owned by King & Co., they own all the stores, provisions, etc.: they allow no liquor sold in the town, and in truth run everything to suit themselves.Had their own paper currency, which circulated all through this country as better than confederate scrip. (From the History of Chicago Board of Trade Battery by John A. Nourse from records at the Chicago Historical Society, referencing July 7, 1864).

Bulloch

This magnificent home was built by the grandson of Georgia’s Revolutionary Governor, Archibald Bulloch.  It is one of the most significant houses in Georgia.  Here, Mittie Bulloch grew up,  met a young man from the prominent Roosevelt family of New York, and captured his heart. In this home, the couple wed at Christmastime in 1853. This was the union that produced U.S. President, Teddy Roosevelt. The couple’s other son, Elliott, fathered Eleanor, who became the wife of Franklin and nation’s most beloved First Lady. There is no mystery why Margaret Mitchell, author of Gone With The Wind, sought out the last living bridesmaid and wrote extensively about the wedding for the Atlanta Journal Magazine.

On the reconstructed service grounds are two slave cabins and a carriage house. One of the cabins showcases living quarters and exhibits that provide opportunities to explore and recognize the role of African Americans in the history of Roswell.  This exhibit is dedicated to their legacy.

Smith

In an effort to escape the insects and heat of coastal Georgia, Archibald Smith traveled to Roswell in 1845 with his wife. Children and thirty slaves. They built their home on a 300+ acre plantation. Tragedy struck when Smith’s eldest son, Willie, was killed during the Civil War. Perhaps it was Willie’s death that caused the family to hold tight their other possessions. Whatever the reason, Smith Plantation is filled with the family’s original artifacts. See how time has altered this home from the time of slaves working in the fields to a day in 1986 when the family’s descendants sold the home to the City of Roswell on the strict condition that the family’s maid be allowed to live in the house for the remainder of her life.

Smith Plantation is complete with a parson’s room and 10 original outbuildings, among them slave quarters and a spring house.

Barrington King was instrumental in the development of the successful textile mills of the Roswell Manufacturing Company, a leading supplier of goods to the Confederacy. Six of Barrington King’s sons served in the Confederate forces; 2 were killed and 2 were injured. This photo is of the Ice House that is still located on the grounds of Barrington Hall.

At Bulloch Hall, the reconstruction of this slave cabin, with its living quarters and exhibit, provides opportunities to explore and recognize the role of African-American slaves in the history of Roswell. This exhibit is dedicated to their legacy.

Slave Dwelling: This building is representative of a slave dwelling at the Archibald Smith Plantation Home. Though the exact age of the structure is unknown, it is believed to be one of the oldest on the site. It is believed to have been used by slaves who cleared the land prior to the construction of the Plantation Home in 1845. In 1940, Archibald Smith’s grandson, Arthur, made alterations to a number of structures on the plantation site. He may have removed a fireplace and chimney from this structure and replaced them with a glass paned window. Only house servants would have occupied cabins located this close to the main home. Field hands would have lived closer to the fields in which they worked.

THE SOUTHERN TRILOGY TOUR:

Tours on the Hour

  • Monday – Saturday from 10 a.m. – 3 p.m.
  • Sunday – from 1 p.m. – 3 p.m.

PURCHASE THE TRILOGY PASS

The Trilogy Pass allows you to visit all three homes (Barrington, Bulloch and Smith) and may be used over multiple days until you have visited them all.

  • Adult – $18 per person
  • Students – $15 per person (ages 6 – 18)

Admission to individual homes may be purchased as follows:

  • Adult tickets- $8.00 per person; per house
  • Child tickets-$6.00 per person; per house
  • Children under 6 are free
  • Senior Citizens- $7.00 per person; per house

GROUP RATES:

Group rates are available for groups of 20 or more.  To arrange a group tour, please contact Diane Stone 770-640-3253; 800-776-7935 or dstone@roswellgov.com

Plan your visit of the Southern Trilogy Homes where you will experience the authentic American South. Tours are available year-round. We look forward to sharing our culture and heritage with you.