Barrington King was instrumental in the development of the successful textile mills of the Roswell Manufacturing Company, a leading supplier of goods to the Confederacy. Six of Barrington King’s sons served in the Confederate forces; 2 were killed and 2 were injured. This photo is of the Ice House that is still located on the grounds of Barrington Hall.
Slave Dwelling: This building is representative of a slave dwelling at the Archibald Smith Plantation Home. Though the exact age of the structure is unknown, it is believed to be one of the oldest on the site. It is believed to have been used by slaves who cleared the land prior to the construction of the Plantation Home in 1845. In 1940, Archibald Smith’s grandson, Arthur, made alterations to a number of structures on the plantation site. He may have removed a fireplace and chimney from this structure and replaced them with a glass paned window. Only house servants would have occupied cabins located this close to the main home. Field hands would have lived closer to the fields in which they worked.
Roswell Historic District Cemeteries Brochure [816KB pdf]
Roswell Mills and Old Mill Park
On the banks of Vickery’s Creek, ruins of the Roswell Mills can be found. The largest mill building was constructed in 1853 and the area is now a city park. A few hundred feet down stream from that location, is the site of Roswell’s first cotton mill which was built in 1839. These mills were burned by Union forces on July 7, 1864, with the help of some of the Roswell Mill employees. Only the 1853 mill was rebuilt after the war and used until destroyed by fire again in 1926. These mills were known as the Roswell Manufacturing Company. The mill seen today was built in 1882 as an addition to the complex. Today, the Roswell Mill houses offices and an events facility.
Lost Mill Workers of Roswell
Theophile Roche, a French citizen, had been employed by the cotton mills and later the woolen mill. In an attempt to save the mills, he flew a French flag in hopes of claiming neutrality. However, the letters CSA (Confederate States of America) were found on cloth being produced. For two days the mill was spared, but on July 7, after it was proven that the claim of being neutral was false, General Sherman ordered everyone connected with the mill to be charged with treason. The nearby cotton mill was also destroyed. Mill workers, mostly women and children since the men were fighting the war, were arrested, charged with treason and sent north to uncertain fates. One of the women involved in this tragedy was pregnant and working as a seamstress at the mill. She was sent north to Chicago and left to fend for herself. It would take five years before she and her daughter would return, on foot, to Roswell, only to find that her husband had remarried because he thought she was dead. A monument, dedicated to the 400 women and children, is located in the park on Sloan Street.
Sloan Street Park,
75 Sloan Street
Roswell Town Square
I repeat my orders that you arrest all people, male and female, connected with those factories, no matter what the clamor, and let them foot it, under guard, to Marietta, whence I will send them by cars to the North … The poor women will make a howl.
The 400 Roswell mill workers (mostly women and children) who were charged with treason were held overnight, under guard, in the Town Square until they could be sent by wagons to Marietta and transported by train to the north. The Town Square is also the setting for President Theodore Roosevelt’s visit to Roswell. The crowds gathered here and he also visited his mother’s childhood home, Bulloch Hall where he was reminiscent of the stories she had told him as a child.
793 Mimosa Blvd.
Roswell, GA 30075
Exhibits of political, social, and historical interests document the history of the United States, Georgia, and Roswell. Featuring U.S. Presidents, Georgia Authors, Women in the White House, Transportation, World War II, Anne Frank Exhibit, and more. Normally open Mon. – Fri. 8 a.m. – 4 p.m. Call to confirm hours and admission.
Heritage Center at Roswell Visitors Bureau
617 Atlanta Street – Roswell, GA 30075
(770) 640-3253 or (800) 776-7935
The Heritage Center at Roswell Visitors Bureau houses exhibits showcasing the history of the Roswell Mills and Mill Life. Part of the Roswell Visitors Center, the exhibits are open to the public; free of charge.
Roswell Historical Society/
City of Roswell Research Library and Archives
950 Forest Street
Roswell, GA 30075
Second floor of the Roswell Cultural Arts Center.
Open Mon. & Thurs., 1-4:30 pm
Move through Roswell’s beautiful Historic District in a Roswell PediCab. Experience all the warmth that Roswell has to offer with charm and elegance while you create a wonderful memory. www.roswellpedicabs.com; 770-330-6254
Michael Hitt’s Historical Tours
Customized historical tours with local author Michael Hitt.